Tag Archives: education

GUESS WHY I WAS SLAPPED

I got into Junior Secondary School with so much excitement because I wanted to enjoy teenage age meeting new people outside my neighborhood, interact with children from various social and economic background, live away from home and test the strength of self-dependency at an early age and think to start a business as I come from background with lots of Medium scale entrepreneurs. My expectations on education, communication and learning were high and I could not wait for my first day as a junior secondary student in a boarding school.

I was enrolled in one of the best secondary schools in Lagos, Nigeria and the sad reality of school appraisals in Nigeria is limited to their educational strength based on teaching methods and academic performance in comparison with other schools. Such methods are not constructively appraised on the benefit on mental, intellectual and physical wellbeing of the child. My case was no different as I was a exhibit for testing poor disciplinary methods on children. My parents identified the good academic qualities of this school and once all admission requirement were settled, I became a proud student of Queens College in Lagos Nigeria and lived in school (i.e. the boarding house system that put high responsibility on the school management to cater for the day-to-day wellbeing of students).

The proclivities in this system of child discipline in Nigeria increases the chances and sustainability of corporal punishment based on student-to-student and student-to-teacher relationships as a culture of brutality to define a reputation of “seniority” and dominance within the student community is synonymous to an uncivilized people with intentions to maim and demoralize their peers. When a junior student is a victim of corporal punishment from student of teacher for 4-5 years and sees how it gives a pseudo status of respect, they are very likely to be conditioned to apply such means in defining their roles and status in the student community when they become senior students.

I became a boarding student due to the distance of my school from home. It was a long distance to cover even by car and the traffic in Lagos would double, if not triple the time required to arrive early at school each day. Like I mentioned, the boarding system relinquishes certain responsibilities from the parents to the school management on behalf of their children and this was one of many responsibilities the school would take up that would be less burdensome on my parents and I. The idea of independence was critical to my parents and they wanted to build me up from a young age to be self-reliant and depend less on them for small issues I could manage especially interpersonal relationship and making small decision.

This is a good decision every parent will want for their children and safe to say they wanted a child, regardless of her gender that remains undermined both in terms of equity and equality in Nigeria, to be solid in intellectually and courageous. Though the rules and regulations were alien, I had to live within them as I was excited of my new milestone. Some of the rules were very unimaginable and monstrous and looking back at how they were developed, reviewed and agreed in managing child educational and behavioral development, i really wonder what the definition of child safety and child rights is in Nigeria (I will not dwell on that in this post).

FOOD! FOOD!! FOOD!!! was the reason my house mistress slapped me. Funny but that was why I was slapped, and I will go into a bit of details on it. On this particular day, I went to my guardian’s house receive a call from my parent who had not seen me for some time and as their only child, I think their concerns to speak to me over the phone was valid. After the call, in a show of kind gesture, my guardian gave me food to eat and I ate with so much happiness (considering the quantity and quality (nutritional value) of the food compared to the rations we got from the dining hall, every student would eat her food. I might have been wrong or right to have eaten at my guardians’ house but I’m not too sure a student of a boarding school will blame me for wanting good food.

Anyways, we had a dormitory captain who gave report to the house mistress about certain activities. She reported to the house mistress stating I sometimes ate at my guardians’ and not from the dining hall. Looking back, I can only say she was jealous how my guardian treated me especially with good food. One day, while eating at my guardians’, my house mistress showed up to “discipline me”. I was very surprised and knew somebody gave me up (the snitching systems to attract favor). My house mistress asked what I was doing at my guardians’ place and I replied, “I came to eat dinner”. Her response was “you even have the gut to talk”. At that point, I became very scared and started shivering. She asked me the question again and after responding the same way, she slapped me. I burst into tears and tried to inquire the reason she slapped me, her response to my question was several wipes on my back and legs with a cane she was holding.

At that point my guardian rushed outside to manage the situation and stop her from flogging me. This made them get at each other, at least in words and I felt really sad and because I was slapped and flogged for wanting good food and putting my guardian in a bad situation because I had no idea the implication with the school authority. The fact that food, a core need of a child can be responding in a hostile manner makes me think deeply about children that live without food and how they are treated when they reach out to people that can help or how people that help are perceived by the society. The takeaway for me was that a gap within the social welfare programme of the school was identified and as a school responsible for children wellbeing including quality food, addressing the issue was core not how the student responded to her appetite especially when she did not steal or bully another student for their meal.

My house mistress reported the case to the Vice Principal, which attracted a warning letter from the school after inviting my parents to discuss the matter. The decision from the school management supported the use of violence through corporal punishment meted on me. The mental and physical effect left traumatized as I felt most vulnerable when my parents went home. I did not feel safe and that was not a concern of the school. The direct effect this had on me was I couldn’t speak for myself and always resorted to the help if my guardian, eliminating the goal of developing self-confidence and able to make small decisions on my life. I became more dependent and asking myself questions as “Did she really have to hit me?”, “Couldn’t she have just reported me to the management, if she felt I was wrong or tell me why I was expected to eat from the school dining hall?”.

Guess what, I did not stop going to have those delicious meals at my guardians’ despite the violence and I began taken my dormitory captain along after she apologized to me, we became friends afterwards. My enthusiasm against corporal punishment is that it does not solve the root problem of any poor behavior a child display. It only helps the child grow to understand that (s)he can only manage such root problems by herself/himself and those that do not accept her/his methods of managing root problems will react violently not because they are trying to lead acceptable socio-cultural behaviors but because they lack capacity of an effective way to salvage the problem bedeviling the child and this leads me to make my final comment on this post on corporal punishment. To any teachers, house mistresses, house masters, guardians and parents, the violence you preach is not the solution to the problem.

I was treated poorly because of food but The death of a 14-year-old schoolgirl in Abuja (Keren Akpagher) would have had worse experience. Kindly share your thoughts about this and more if you have similar experience.

LIST OF INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARSHIPS FOR 2021/2022; REQUIREMENTS, ELIGIBILITY AND OTHER VITAL INFORMATION

UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA SCHOLARSHIPS, CANADA

There are various categories of scholarships in the University of Ottawa, Canada and they will be examined below.

  • THE PRESIDENT’S SCHOLARSHIP AND THE CHANCELLOR’S SCHOLARSHIP (THE CHANCELLOR’S SCHOLARSHIP IS FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS):

They are part of the most prestigious scholarships at the University of Ottawa. The Chancellor’s scholarship is valued at $6,500 per year ($26, 000 in total) and it is awarded to one full-time undergraduate international student. The President’s Scholarship is valued at $7,500 per year ($30, 000 in total) and it is awarded to one full-time undergraduate student. The scholarships also provide a one-time award of $1,500 to applicants who emerge as the second, third and fourth most qualified.

ELIGIBILITY

To be eligible for the President’s and Chancellor’s scholarship, prospective applicants must:

  • Hold a student visa
  • Have a minimum admission average of ninety-two percent (92%)
  • Demonstrate leadership qualities and a commitment to academic activities.
  • Maintain a minimum cumulative grade point average (CGPA) of 8.50 (to ensure the grant of the scholarship in subsequent years). Students who have a CGPA between 8.00 and 8.49 can renew their scholarship, only that it will be issued at 50% of its total value.
  • Must be a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident or must have a protected person status.
  • Must be enrolled for the first time in a university undergraduate program

The deadline for all the above mentioned scholarships (the President’s and Chancellor’s scholarship) is April 30, 2021.

UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA SCHOLARSHIPS, CANADA; THE FACULTY OF ARTS DEAN’S MERIT SCHOLARSHIP

This scholarship is valued at $4, 000 and the Faculty of Arts of the University of Ottawa awards 10 of its kind. To be eligible:

  • Students must be enrolled full time, and for the first time, in an undergraduate program in the Faculty of Arts.
  • Students must have a minimum admission average of 90%.
  • Students who have been chosen for this scholarship must maintain a cumulative grade point average of at least 9.00 at the end of each term in order for the scholarship to be renewed.

UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA SCHOLARSHIPS, CANADA; THE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING DEAN’S MERIT SCHOLARSHIP

This scholarship is valued at $5, 000 (for students who have an admission average between 95 and 100%) or $4,000 ((for students who have an admission average between 90 and 94.9%) and the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Ottawa awards 35 of its kind. To be eligible:

  • Students must be enrolled full time, and for the first time, in an undergraduate program in the Faculty of Engineering.
  • Students must have a minimum admission average between 90 and 100% as the case may be.
  • Students who have been chosen for this scholarship must maintain a cumulative grade point average of at least 9.00 at the end of each term in order for the scholarship to be renewed.

REQUIREMENTS

No application is required for the Faculties of Arts and Faculty of Engineering Deans’ Merit Scholarship as all eligible students (including international students are considered for this award.

In order to apply for all the above mentioned scholarships, please visit: scholarships.uottawa.ca

UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARSHIP U.K. (ALSO REFERRED TO AS THINK BIG SCHOLARSHIP)

The scholarship awards are valued at 5, 000 euros and 10, 000 euros at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels respectively. The scholarships are however given using the form of a tuition fee discount and no cash alternative will be offered. Again, if the scholarship award is more than the cost of the tuition fees, any remainder will not be issued. Finally, the scholarship does not apply to placement year (internship or industrial attachment) years.

ELIGIBILITY

To be eligible for University of Bristol’s undergraduate scholarship, potential students must:

  • Apply for courses other than medicine, dentistry and veterinary science. Post graduate students must be applying to one-year, full-time postgraduate programme at the University of Bristol.
  • Be prepared to resume their undergraduate or postgraduate programme in the month of September (2021)
  • Prospective students must not be recipients of alternative funding, which when added to the Bristol Scholarship, would be more than the full tuition fees.
  • Owing to the United Kingdom Visa and Immigration regulations, Prospective candidates must be able to show that they have adequate funds to cover the remainder of their tuition fees and living expenses.
  • Students need to indicate that they are overseas students for paying purpose.

The deadline for the Bristol University Scholarship, is 29th of March 2021 (10am) Responses for this first batch of applications will be given by the institution’s authorities by 26th of April 2021. The deadline for the second batch of Bristol University Scholarship applications is 14th of June, 2021. (This is an extension of time for postgraduate applicants only.)  Postgraduate students are however advised to apply during the first batch of scholarship applications. Late applications will be unattended to and double applications (by postgraduate students) will be unaccepted. Responses on the second batch of applications will be given by the institution’s authorities by 9th of July, 2021.

To apply, please visit: www.bristol.ac.uk/international/fees-finance/scholarships/application-guidance

  • FULBRIGHT SCHOLARSHIPS USA

Originating in 1946, the Fulbright scholarship is sponsored by the United States’ Department of State. It is the U.S. government’s flagship international educational exchange program designed to foster common understanding with over 155 nations through educational and cultural exchange. Particularly, the scholarship is granted to people from economically disadvantaged groups, minorities and people who do not usually get enough representation. It is a fully funded scholarship that covers full tuition fee, a living stipend, full accommodation fee, airfare and health insurance for up to five years.

  • ELIGIBILITY AND REQUIREMENTS OF FULBRIGHT SCHOLARSHIPS USA

It is open to all individuals of the world in all fields of study and it is awarded irrespective of the applicant’s race, sex, age or religion. Applicants must however be prospective Masters or PhD students. The Fulbright scholarship is not opened to undergraduate studies.

To be eligible:
A prospective candidate must be proficient in English language.

Such a person must belong to one of the 155 countries to which the scholarship is applicable.

  • SEATTLE UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIP USA

Founded in 1891, Seattle University is a Jesuit Catholic University and law school located on 50 acres of land in Seatle’s Capitol Hill neighbourhood in the United States of America. It is home to more than 850 international students from more than 60 countries. The Seattle University Scholarship is valued at over $48, 000 and it spans over 4 academic years.

  • ELIGIBILITY AND REQUIREMENTS FOR SEATTLE UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS USA

Individuals from all countries of the world are eligible to participate in the Seattle University scholarship.

Undergraduates applicants are however to have the equivalent of a United States Grade Point Average of 3.0 on a 4.0 scale and to provide official and certified English language translations of all the transcripts from each educational institution attended.

Unlike other universities, Seattle University does not require the ACT (American College Test) or SAT (originally meaning Scholastic Aptitude Test) scores of applicants. However, these scores enhance the approval of an application.

Importantly however, applicants must demonstrate proficiency in English language regardless of their length of residency in the United States of America.

To apply: Visit: https://www.seattleu.edu/international/scholarships/#d.en.297644

  • YALE UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIP USA

Yale is the third oldest university in the United States Of America and it was established in 1701 at New Haven, Connecticut. The Yale University Scholarship is a fully funded scholarship which is open to undergraduate, masters and PhD students from all countries and is valued at over $50, 000 on the average. The award meets 100% of demonstrated financial need without any loans and 64% of students receive financial assistance.

  • ELIGIBILITY FOR YALE UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIP

Individuals from all countries of the world are eligible to participate in the Yale University scholarship.

ELIGIBILITY

To be qualified for Yale University Scholarships, the following criteria are to be fulfilled, viz:

TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) scores of at least 100 on the internet-based TOEFL, 600 on the paper-based TOEFL or 250 on the computer-based TOEFL

IELTS (International English Language Testing System) and Pearson Test scores of 70 or higher.

REQUIREMENTS FOR YALE UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIP

The scholarship is open to individuals from all countries of the world, however, since it is a need-based scholarship, one or more of the following requirements must be met and a statement from a school official, college access counselor, financial aid officer or community leader could be gotten to attest to the fact that such individuals:

  • Must have been enrolled in or eligible to participate in the Federal Free or Reduced Price Lunch Program (FRPL)
  • Must have received or be eligible to receive a SAT testing fee waiver
  • Must be enrolled in a federal, state or local program that helps students from low-income families. For example, TRIO programs like Upward Bound.
  • Must be a ward of the state or an orphan
  • Must have an annual family income that falls within the income eligibility guidelines set by the USDA Food and Nutrition Service.
  • Must live in a federally subsidized public housing, a foster home or must be homeless.
  • Must receive financial aid from the public.

PROCEDURE FOR APPLICATION: Prospective students can apply for the Yale University Scholarship by visiting: https://admissions.yale.edu

                               REFERENCES

global-scholarship.shoptorsi.com/

global-scholarship.shoptorsi.com/2021/01/28/study-in-uk-university-of-bristol-international-scholarship-2021-apply-online/

https://admissions.yale.edu

https://world.yale.edu/admissions

scholarshiproar.com/yale-university-scholarships/

scholarshiproar.com/seattle-university-scholarships/

scholarshiproar.com/Fulbright-scholarships-usa/?amp

WHAT IS THE WORST ACADEMIC OFFENSE?

PLAGIARISM!!! This is what I believe to be the worst academic offense. According to the University of Oxford[1], Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s work or idea as your own, with or without their consent. My reference to the university of oxford is an example of how to acknowledge a source. Plagiarism is very common, and it proves a lack of understanding or knowledge in your essay or academic work.

In the past years as both an undergraduate and a postgraduate student, I have been a victim of plagiarism unknowingly and knowingly lol. This was either due to my impatience or lack of interest in a particular essay. However as a research student, I have learnt that the same time I spent paraphrasing a particular term would have been the same time I would have spent to think properly and have a good understanding of the topic. A lot of students are victims of this act, I do understand that as students there are times we can’t meet up to deadlines and want a shortcut but that is very wrong and not an excuse. Apart from the academic sanctions for perpetrators, education is quite expensive which a lot of people/students have sacrificed a lot to be in the academic world, therefore I believe we should be very focused and willing to think or create new ideas instead of borrowing or using someone else’s knowledge.

There are several types and forms of plagiarism, however, I will be explaining the forms in the context of the types of plagiarism, which are:

 Self-Plagiarism: Submitting his/her previous work either it is part of the work or the full work. Using myself as an example, I had my master’s dissertation in the topic ‘Corporal punishment of children in Nigeria’ which is related to my Ph.D. thesis ‘How does the Nigerian government enforce the security of child’s rights? An analysis of corporal punishment in public schools’. I got tempted to use some part of my master’s thesis into my PhD thesis, but it is wrong, and I avoided doing such, this is also to avoid academic dishonesty. YES, I am sure some people will say I can do anything with any of my academic work, sorry, you can’t except in situations where approval is granted. Another example of self-plagiarism is submitting the same work in two different academic institutions or authorities. Even though they are the same or similar topic, the context must be different or referenced properly.

 Direct Plagiarism: This includes word for word quotations without referencing the source, the act of cutting and pasting from the internet is wrong in the academic realm. For example, as a law student, there are several laws that I cannot paraphrase because they are laws, therefore I quote them with inverted commas to indicate that words are exactly the same from the same and then I reference them accordingly.

 Mosaic Plagiarism: The act of using phrases from other sources without using quotation marks or paraphrasing or writing it in halves. Paraphrasing is reasonably essential. However, it is wrong to paraphrase a work with the intention of claiming ownership of the idea.

 Accidental Plagiarism: In instances where the source is not mentioned or is incorrect. It is important to use the correct referencing style, depending on the discipline.

Avoiding plagiarism will help to have an opinion of oneself, instead of relying of other scholarly work or writers. It is difficult to have a personal view or opinion, however, that is why you are in academics.


[1] https://www.ox.ac.uk/students/academic/guidance/skills/plagiarism